Neuropathic pain is a sensation of unpleasant discomfort caused by damage or disease. In neuropathic pain, the function of the nerve is affected in a way that it sends pain messages to the brain. Neuropathic pain is often described as burning, stabbing, shooting, aching or like an electric shock.
Neuropathic pain often seems to have no obvious cause; but, some common causes of neuropathic pain include:
Back, leg and hip problems
Facial nerve problems
HIV infection or AIDS
Neuropathic pain symptoms may include:
Tingling and numbness
To diagnose neuropathic pain, a doctor will conduct an interview and physical exam.
He or she may ask questions about how you would describe your pain, when the pain occurs,
or whether anything specific triggers the pain.
The doctor may also request both blood and nerve tests.
Some neuropathic pain studies suggest the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may ease pain.
Some people may require a stronger painkiller, such as those containing morphine.
Anticonvulsant and antidepressant drugs seem to work in some cases.
In difficult cases, pain specialist may use an invasive or implantable device to control pain.
Electrical stimulation of the nerves involved in neuropathic pain may significantly control the pain.