Total Knee Replacement is a surgical procedure to replace the damaged knee joint with an artificial component known as prosthetics. Inflammatory diseases such as osteomalacia, osteomyelitis, and osteoporosis could be the cause for the knee joint’s damage. This surgery is suggested for those patients who are suffering from either a severe inflammatory disease, or have a severe knee injury, and also when all the other treatments such as weight loss, exercise, physical therapy, medicines and injections are unable to relive the knee pain associated with arthritis.
Different inflammatory diseases of bones have harmful effects on the joints (knee, shoulder, and hip), especially the ginglymoid joint (of the knee). Degenerative joint disease (Osteoarthritis), is a chronic condition that usually affects people over the age of 65. It might cause the breakdown of joint gristle (of the knee) and the adjacent bone within the knees. Rheumatoid Arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that affects the joint linings, which results in swollen and painful joints. It might cause bone erosion and joint deformity due to the inflammation caused by it over a long period of time. Traumatic inflammatory disease of the knee is a result of an injury or fracture, where the gristle of the knee is harmed.
The goal of total knee replacement surgery is to relieve the patients from knee pain, improve the quality of their life and maintain or improve the patient’s knee function.