Total hip replacement surgery is a procedure where the surgeon will remove the painful and diseased hip joint, and replace it with an artificial joint (prosthesis) made up of metal and plastic. A surgery is suggested only when all the other treatments such as painkillers, weight loss and exercises fail to provide relief from the pain. The patient is able to perform daily activities such as walking and climbing stairs with ease.
Total hip replacement surgery can be either performed by using a standard approach or by using the minimally-invasive technique. They can be differentiated on the basis of the size of the incision made during both the procedures.
Usually, the surgeon suggests general anaesthesia during the total hip replacement surgery to put the patient in a temporary deep sleep and does not feel pain. A spinal anaesthesia may also be given as an alternative, in order to help prevent pain.